ISI and Evident Violation of Shia’s Rights-HRA -April 2015

ISI and Evident Violation of Shia’s Rights

The history of ISI is traced back to more than a decade ago, but its activities and crimes have been increasingly grown during the recent years. This terrorist group which is consisted of extremist Sunnis aims to weaken Shia and restrict their social as well as political scope of practice. To achieve this aim different political, security, and military projects have been implemented such as:

–          Capturing strategic security, economic, and political areas of Shia;

–          Trying to overthrow the government of Shi’ite in Iraq and destabilize social-political relations among Iraq, Iran, and Syria;

–          Exacerbation of religious conflicts among nations living in Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon.

In the first phase of its activities, this group started cultural activities and proselytizing among Shi’ite territories. In the second phase, it entered into the field of economic and political transactions and tried to undermine political and financial foundations of Shia lands. However, it soon entered into a new military phase and many Shi’ite areas in the region were attacked by armed members of ISI.

Since majority of Shia lives in Iran, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, and Yemen, these countries have been targeted by ISI. ISI believes that it has the right to lead Muslims across the world and its mission is to rule over all the lands which were once under the control of Muslims. Given this ideology, Shias in different regions occupied by ISI are subjected to organized mass killings and massacres. Crimes committed by this group are so violent and severe that can be named war crimes. The following paragraphs represent some examples of violations of human rights, especially regarding Shia by the group.

ISI military activities started in Syria and were simultaneously spread to Iraq. Syrian rebels have carried out numerous crimes such as killing of Shi’ite in this country. Among all atrocities done, one can refer to harrowing evidence of death and murder of children, killing all family members, and burning Shia homes.

In the second half of 2013, ISI exploded nearly 1400 houses in Iraq where 1996 people died and 3021 people were injured. Today, being a Shia or Sunni in Iraq is a matter of life or death. Over the past few years, different reports have documented the release of Sunnis and killing of Shias as well as moderate Sunnis. ISI believes that Shia is apostate and must die in order to achieve pure Islam.

Reports on ISI crimes in Mosul from the time the group entered the city can be further evidence on the complete violations of human rights, particularly the rights of minorities. ISI terrorists searched all houses to identify Shi’ites and Christians, since they believe that these houses belong to their government and Shi’ites and Christians don’t have any place in the city. Burning people’s homes and their brutal murder reveals the savagery of this group.

According to reports, ISI terrorists prosecute Shi’ites and Christians in the regions under their domination while they are deprived from food and doomed to die from hunger or change their religion. Marking homes of these minorities and threatening them to leaving the town or being executed was also done for the same purpose. The group also dared to destroy holy places and flattened several mosques and churches in different places such as Western Mosul.

United Nations refers to ISI numerous criminal acts against religious and ethnic minorities in Iraq including murder, physical and sexual abuse, plunder, destruction of property and important cultural as well as religious monuments, forced religious conversion, and disruption of access to basic human services. Frequent crimes such as mass killings and migration of Shi’ites from one area to another claiming to establish a democratic system in Iraq, demonstrated impracticability of ISI ideology and reflected its efforts to weaken the unity and integrity of the country.

These days Yemen is the center of reports on ISI crimes and attacks. Suicide attacks on two mosques in Sana’a, the capital of Yemen, killed at least 126 people and injured over 350 ones. Some news agencies have reported the number of victims over 140. Both places targeted suicide attacks were the main mosques where Zaydi Shi’ite gathered.

Obviously, ISI wants its share of Yemen’s current position. Yemen’s security crisis gives ISI a unique opportunity to expand its territory and consolidate its power. In a statement which ISI issued in Yemen it is stated that the aim is nothing except Sunni revenge. In this statement Sunnis are asked to trust ISI in Yemen and avoid approaching Ansarullah centers and headquarters, since these places are supposed to be attacked. Certainly, ISI has imposed its presence in Yemen after Syria and Iraq and tries to establish proper grounds to attract people and fight Shia.

ISI activities and crimes are not limited to these countries and reports evidence terrorist activities in other Shi’ite countries such as Lebanon, Pakistan, and Iran. Kidnappings and executions of Shi’ites in different cities of Pakistan such as Kerman region in north of this country can be mentioned as some examples. Another shocking incident which is evidence on innocence of Shi’ites and violation of their rights is the murder of a six-year old girl who was kidnapped and found dead some days later. Another Shi’ite citizen was beheaded after being kidnapped from Kerman region in north of Pakistan. Moreover, recently frequent reports have emphasized on the efforts made by this group to influence and attend in this country.

There have been also numerous reports on discovering car bombs in different regions of Lebanon some of which have been found. According to confessions of agents arrested, the target has been toward Lebanese Shi’ite, Hezbollah forces, and the country’s security.

ISI has even threatened Iran to suicide attacks among which the explosion of a car in Baghdad in May, 2013 can be mentioned where five Iranian engineers and their Iraqi guards lost their lives. ISI spokesman confesses that Iran is ISI worst enemy and ISI wishes to turn Iran into a sea of blood. In another effort to hitting the Shi’ites in Iran, a truck was exploded in 2014 and 13 border guards and Iranian citizens were killed. ISI even mistakenly thought it could flatten Mashhad, but faced strong and clear response of senior military officials.

In sum, it is apparent that ISI doesn’t seek to implement principles of Islam and its only aim is ethnic and religious cleansing. Crimes committed by this group cannot be included in any religion and only show the cruelty and injustice of agents who harass the property and lives of innocent people in the name of Islam.

Human Rights Agency

April 2015